Nutritional myopathy is primarily the result of selenium deficiency, usually accompanied by concurrent vitamin E deficiency. This condition is most commonly encountered in young animals due to inadequate dietary intake. Pigs, cattle and sheep are most susceptible, horses and goats are moderately susceptible, while individual cases have been reported in dogs, cats, primates and a variety of herbivorous and omnivorous zoo animals as well as "farmed" antelope species. Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E are all-natural antioxidants, so there is a potential role for low vitamin A in the nutritional myopathy syndromes of livestock and horses.

Who Should Enrol


Course Design

Blended Course

Course Highlights

CPD Points

Learning Outcomes

Continued Professional Development


Test: Question and Answer


South African Veterinary Council (SAVC)

1 CPD Point



Pass the test with 80% - Retries allowed: 3

1.0 General Point

1.0 Max Points

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Post-Mortem Diagnosis of Nutritional Myopathy in Livestock and Horses