Bovine paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease) of cattle occurs worldwide, and is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), a facultative intracellular acid-fast bacillus. Domestic and wild ruminants are susceptible to natural infection and the most commonly affected. Clinical disease is rarely reported in camelids, rabbits, equids, swine and captive primates.
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Diagnostics of Bovine paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease)